• Banking crises typically result in L-shaped recessions with deflationary consequences, but can, on occasion, trigger currency crises that deliver high-inflation episodes
  • Systemic banking crises (i.e., those occurring simultaneously across countries) typically result in more severe impacts on economic growth than idiosyncratic (i.e., isolated) episodes
  • Two systemic banking crises have occurred over the past 25 years — exposure to these explains a large proportion of why Europe and Asia appear to suffer more during banking crises
  • Systemic risks are a product of excesses and contagion effects — on this basis, Europe and Oceania currently look concerning

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